Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. - syn.Artocarpus integrifolius auct. - Moraceae - jackfruit, Jackfrucht
Tree up to 10(-20)m tall, native to India and Southeast Asia, widely cultivated in the tropical regions of the World.
„The bean-shaped achenes of the jackfruit are coated with a firm yellowish aril (seed coat, flesh), which has an intense sweet taste at maturity of the fruit… When fully ripe, jackfruit has a strong pleasant aroma, the pulp of the opened fruit resembles the odor of pineapple and banana.“
„The aroma volatiles from two fruit varieties of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) growing in the Amazon were obtained by simultaneous distillation-extraction and analysed by GC-MS. The major components identified in the aroma concentrate of “hard jackfruit” variety were isopentyl isovalerate (28.4%) and butyl isovalerate (25.6%). The aroma concentrate of “soft jackfruit” was dominated by isopentyl isovalerate (18.3%), butyl acetate (16.5%), ethyl isovalerate (14.4%), butyl isovalerate (12.9%) and 2-methylbutyl acetate (12.0%).“
[Aroma volatiles from two fruit varieties of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.), Maia, Jose Guilherme S., Eloisa Helena A. Andrade, and Maria das Graças B. Zoghbi., Food chemistry, Vol.85 (2), 2004, 195-197]
„…jackfruit volatile compounds were established using solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOFMS)… Thirty-seven compounds were identified from five jackfruit cultivars. The main jackfruit volatile compounds were: ethyl isovalerate, 3-methylbutyl acetate, 1-butanol, propyl isovalerate, isobutyl isovalerate, 2-methylbutanol, and butyl isovalerate. These compounds were consistently present in all the five cultivars and this suggests the compounds contributed to the sweet and fruity note of jackfruit.“
[Ong, B. T., et al. „Analysis of volatile compounds in five jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus L.) cultivars using solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOFMS).“ Journal of food composition and analysis 21.5 (2008): 416-422]
[from: efloraofindia - entry Artocarpus heterophyllus; retrieved 2021-01-01]