Myrrhis odorata (L.) Scop. - Apiaceae - sweet cicely, Süßdolde
Perennial herb, native to Central and South Europe.
„Its leaves are sometimes used as a herb, either raw or cooked, with a rather strong taste reminiscent of anise. The roots and seeds also are edible.“ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cicely
„The hydrodistilled leaf oil of sweet cicely [Myrrhis odorata (L.) Scop.] grown in Finland was analyzed by GC and GC/MS. (E)-Anethole (83.1%) was found to be the major constituent among the 39 compounds identified.“
[Essential Leaf Oil Composition of Myrrhis odorata (L.) Scop. Grown in Finland. Jouko S. Uusitalo, Jorma E. Jalonen, Abbas Aflatuni, Sirkka L. Luoma, Journal of Essential Oil Research Vol. 11, Iss. 4, 1999]
„The chemical composition of essential oils of sweet cicely (Myrrhis odorata (L.) Scop.) leaves from two geographic areas (Lithuania and France) were determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Comparatively slight differences were observed in the chemical composition of essential oils from both selected origins. The yield of essential oil varied from 0.4±0.02% in Lithuanian to 0.5±0.01% in French origin. In total twenty and twenty-six components were identified in the hydrodistilled oils of Lithuanian and French origin, respectively. The essential oils of both origins were found to be rich in E-anethole (48.1±1.4% and 50.7±1.1%), methyleugenol (14.3±0.5% and 13.1±0.4%), E-nerolidol (10.2±0.8% and 12.0±0.3%) and germacrene-D (5.0±0.1% and 4.3±0.3%).“
[Essential oil composition of Myrrhis odorata (L.) Scop. leaves grown in Lithuania and France. D. Dobravalskytė, P.R. Venskutonis, B. Zebib, O. Merah, T. Talou, Journal of Essential Oil Research, Vol. 25, Iss. 1, 2013]
Lindman, C.A.M., Bilder ur Nordens Flora, vol.2 t.265 (1922-1926)