Daphne odora Thunb. - Thymelaeaceae - winter daphne, Duftender Seidelbast, Duft-Seidelbast
Evergreen shrub, up to 1.50m high, native range not exactly known (China or Japan), widely cultivated; branches purplish red to purplish brown; leaves alternate, obovate or obovate-elliptic; inflorescences terminal, up to 12(-20)-flowered; flowers fragrant, calyx purplish red abaxially with pinkish red to white lobes, tube 6-10 mm; rarely fruiting, drupe scarlet-red, globose, ca. 8mm.
The major components of the pentane extract from Daphne odora flowers were alcohols like linalool (15.5%), citronellol (10.6%), nerol (1.8%), geraniol (3.0%) and farnesol (9.3%). Other major components were heptacosane (7.6%), nonacosane (1.1%), farnesyl acetate (2.1%), methyl linoleate (5.7%), nonanal (1.8%), farnesal (4%), nonanoic acid (1.2%) , and geranic acid (1.9%). Trace compounds were eg. β-ionone, rose oxide, and indole.
[Volatile components of Zinchoge flower (Daphne odora Thunb.)., Watanabe, I., Yanai, T., Awano, K.I., Kogami, K., Hayashi, K., Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 47(3), 483-490, 1983]
„…especially rich and strong is the orange fragrance exhaled by the [white and] reddish purple stars of Daphne odora.“
[Lacey, Stephen. Scent in your garden. Frances Lincoln Limited, 1991, 168]
The headspace of Daphne odora flowers contained (R)-(-)-linalool (51.1%; 97.9%ee) with its strong floral note also known from tea and lavender.
[Analysis of enantiomeric ratios of aroma components in several ﬂowers using a Chiramix column., Tamogami, S., Awano, K.I., Amaike, M., Takagi, Y., Kitahara, T., Flavour and fragrance journal, 19(1), 1-5, 2004]