Tilia platyphyllos Scop. - syn. Tila grandifolia Ehrh. - Malvaceae
large-leaved linden, broad-leaved lime, large-leaved lime, Sommerlinde, Grossblättrige Linde
Deciduous tree, up to 40m in height, native to Europe. Leaves with smooth hairs on both sides, lime-green.
„The small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers are arranged in drooping, cymose clusters in groups of 3 to 4. Their whitish-green, leaf-like bracts have an oblong-obovate shape.“
Tea from the dried flowers of Tilia cordata and Tilia platyphyllos is used traditionally as diaphoretic.
The highly sensitive 2,6-dimethyl-3(E),5(Z),7-octatriene-2-ol and its 5(E) isomer (natural ratio 1:10, sweet floral odor) are main constituents present only in the headspace and not in extracts of the flowers of T.platyphyllos (and major constituents in T.cordata).
[Trapping, Investigation and Reconstitution of Flower Scents, Roman Kaiser, in: Müller, P.M., and Lamparsky, D. eds. Perfumes: Art, Science and Technology. Springer Science & Business Media, Dordrecht 1994, 213-250]
„The smelling principle of linden blossom is formed by 'narcotic' fragrances such as farnesol or the erogenous esters of phenylacetic acid.“
[Düfte. Signale der Gefühlswelt., Ohloff, G., Zürich 2004]
Dietrich, A.G., Flora regni borussici, vol.12, t.831 (1844) [A.G. Dietrich]