Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq. - syn. Cedrela mahagoni L. - Meliaceae
West Indian mahogany, true mahogany, Westindisches Mahagoni

Endangered deciduous or evergreen tree, up to 35m tall, native to the Caribbean and Florida, also cultivated (China, India, Indonesia eg.); bark scalelike, reddish; leaves alternate ca.35cm long, petiolate, leaflets 8-12, thin, glabrous, ovate to lanceolate, 10-16cm long; axillary thyrses; flowers small, petals greenish white, staminal tube subcylindric, glabrous, anthers 10; capsule brown, ovoid, ca.8 cm in diam., many seeded; seeds apically winged, ca. 7cm including wing.

The wood has been used to construct fine furniture for hundreds of years. Properly finished and polished, mahogany has a deep rich red color. Mahogany is used to make musical instruments, especially guitar parts.

The highly fragrant flowers open shortly after twilight. They fill the air of the surrounding with a delicate scent, reminiscent of orange flowers slightly modified in direction of Magnolia champaca. Main components of the scent are (E)-ocimene (64.5%) and (Z)-ocimene (16.5%), forming an orange flower accord with indole (0.2%), 2-aminobenzaldehyde (0.3%), and methyl anthranilate (0.6%), twisted in champaca direction with β-ionone (0.02%), β-cyclocitral (0.2%), and safranal (0.03%).
[Scent of a vanishing flora, Roman Kaiser, 2011, 61-62 and 419]

Sargent,C.S., The Silva of North America, vol.1 t.43 (1891) [C.E.Faxon]

Swietania mahagoni flowers, Western Ghats, India wikimedia commons , Author: Lalithamba, CC-BY 2.0

swietenia_mahagoni_l._jacq.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2016/09/24 23:08 von andreas