Smilax glabra Roxb. - Smilacaceae
Chinaroot, sarsaparilla, 土茯苓 tu fu ling (chin.)
Perennial woody climber, native to Southeast Asia; leaves elliptic or ovate, acuminate, leathery; flowers very small, white, in many-flowered umbels. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200027918
„Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae (RSG) and Rhizoma Smilacis Chinae (RSC) are two herbal materials that belong to the same genera and are both listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Chemical constituents in the two species were compared by HPLC-DAD-MS/MS. Many common constituents were found in both species, including shikimic acid, 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid, trans-resveratrol, taxifolin, astilbin and its three stereoisomers, engeletin and isoengeletin. However, syringic acid was found only in RSG, while chlorogenic acid was found only in RSC.“
[Chemical constituents comparison between Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae and Rhizoma Smilacis Chinae by HPLC-DAD-MS/MS. Zhang, Q. F., Guo, Y. X., Zheng, G., Wang, W. J., Natural product research, Vol.27(3), 2013, 277-281]
„The rhizomes of S. glabra, known as Tufuling in China, are used as a TCM for detoxication, clearing heat, relieving dampness and easing joint movement.“
The phenolic compounds smiglabrone A, smilachromanone, and smiglastilbene from S.glabra roots showed strong antimicrobial activity.
[Chemical constituents from the rhizomes of Smilax glabra and their antimicrobial activity. Xu S, Shang MY, Liu GX, Xu F, Wang X, Shou CC, Cai SQ., Molecules, Vol.18(5), 2013, 5265-87]