Senna didymobotrya (Fresen.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby - syn.: Cassia didymobotrya Fresen., Cassia nairobensis L.H. Bailey - Fabaceae
peanut-butter cassia, candelabra tree, popcorn senna, popcorn cassia, Geflügelte Senna

Evergreen shrub or tree, 3-6m tall, native to Africa (Angola, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Sudan, Uganda); naturalized in India, Indonesia, Malaysi, southern North America and Australia, cultivated as ornamental elsewhere. When rubbed, leaves and flowers develop a smell of old popcorn or rancid peanut butter.
„The flowers are golden yellow, unopened flower buds are dark brown. The flowers are in slender, erect, racemose inflorescences up to 45 cm in length.“

„The plant has a strong scent which has been variously described as being reminiscent of mice, wet dog, peanut butter, and burnt popcorn. The plant flowers plentifully in racemes of bright yellow flowers, with some flowers also occurring in leaf axils.“

„Medicine: It is widely used as a purgative and an anti-malaria medicine. A decoction of the leaves is used against stomach complaints. Leaves and roots contain a number of anthraquinones, choline, and the trisaccharide raffinose. Poison: In Africa, it is commonly used as a stupefacient poison for fishing. Ornamental: It is now popular as an ornamental plant owing to its bright yellow flowers and black-green bracts. It is used as ornamental plant in Africa.“
[Senna didymobotrya (Fresenius) Irwin & Barneby, Agroforestry Database 4.0 (Orwa et al.2009)]

Senna didymobotrya, CC BY-SA 3.0, Author: Andreas Kraska

senna_didymobotrya.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2016/10/07 09:27 von andreas