Rosa davurica Pall. - Rosaceae - 山刺玫 shan ci mei (chin.), Amur rose, shan ci mei, Amur Rose, Shi Mei Rose

Erect shrub, up to 1.5m tall, native to the Far East (Amur area), Eastern Siberia, North China, South Mongolia, Korea, and Japan; branchlets purple-brown or gray-brown, densely (var. setacea) or sparsely prickly below leaves; leaves alternate, including petiole 4-10 cm long; leaflets 7-9, margin simple and doubly serrate, oblong or broadly lanceolate, 1.5-3.5cm (var. davurica) or more (-4cm, var. glabra) long; flowers solitary, or 2 or 3 and fasciculate, sepals 5, petals 5, pink, obovate, base broadly cuneate, apex rounded; hip red, globose or ovoid, 1-1.5cm in diam.

Used as food, melliferous, medicine, ornamental.

„The volatile constituents of Shi Mei (Rosa davurica Pall.) flower concrete have been investigated by a combination of chromatographic and spectroscopic methods. This essential oil possesses a characteristic plum-like and Osmanthus flower-like odour. The main constituents of the essential oil from Shi Mei flower concrete were eugenol (23.8%), benzyl alcohol (24.5%), β-ionone (7.0%), dihydro-β-ionol (3.3%), linalool (6.0%) and benzaldehyde (2.5%).“
[The volatile constituents of Shi Mei (Rosa davurica Pall.) flower concrete from China., Ueyama, Y., Hashimoto, S., Nii, H., Furukawa, K., Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 5(2), 1990, 115-120]

„With antioxidants protection, consumptions of wild rose hips can reduce the risk of chronic diseases related to oxidative stress, such as aging, fatigue, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases… EA [ethyl acetate] fraction revealed the highest total phenolic content and the strongest antioxidant ability in cyclic voltammograms (CV) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assays. Moreover, the strongest inhibitory activity against oleic acid-induced (OA-induced) fatty liver in vitro was also the EA fraction… The most active fraction (EA-FII) of EA in all assays above, which mainly included catechin, quercetin-sedoheptulose and quercetin-94, was identified by LC/MS, HPLC and ultraviolet (UV)/V spectrum analysis.“
[In vitro antioxidant activity and inhibitory hepatic steatosis effect on oleic acid-induced fatty liver model of consecutive extracts from Rosa davurica Pall., Wei, Y., Cai, M., Gu, R., Lu, J., Lin, F., Ji, B., African Journal of Biotechnology, 12(31), 2013, 4944-4951]

Rosa davurica, CC BY-SA 3.0, Author: Epibase Wikimedia Commons

rosa_davurica_pall.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2016/06/10 09:26 von andreas