Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm.) Nak. - syn.Pyrus serotina Rehder - Rosaceae
沙梨 sha li (chin.), ナシ (梨) nashi (jap.), nashi pear, China pear, Asian pear, Nashi-Birne, China-Birne

Tree, up to 15m high, native to China, Laos and Vietnam; flowers white; fruit subglobose, brownish with pale dots, 3.5–5.5 cm in diam.

„Along with cultivars of P. × bretschneideri and P. ussuriensis, the fruit is also called the nashi pear.“

„The volatile constituents of Asian pear were isolated using vacuum steam distillation-extraction (vacuumSDE) and dynamic headspace sampling of intact and blended fruit. The samples were analyzed by high-resolution gas chromatography and GC/MS… Odor unit values calculated from concentration and odor threshold data indicate that the following compounds are important contributors to pear aroma: ethyl 2-methylbutanoate, ethyl hexanoate, ethyl butanoate, ethyl 2-methylpropanoate, hexyl acetate, ethyl heptanoate, hexanal, ethyl pentanoate, and ethyl propanoate…
Due to its particularly low odor threshold of 0.006 ppb, ethyl 2-methylbutanoate appears to be an important contributor to pear aroma… Analysis of fresh pear extract obtained by vacuum SDE revealed that ethyl 2-methyl-butanoate occurred in exclusively the S(+) configuration. Earlier studies had shown that this important ester is also present in exclusively the S(+) configuration in pineapple (Takeoka et al., 1990) and predominantly in the S(+) configuration in Granny Smith apples (Mosandl et al., 1991).“
[ Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina)., Takeoka, G. R., Buttery, R. G., Flath, R. A., Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol.40(10), 1992, 1925-1929]

Nashi pear, author: katorisi CC BY-SA 3.0

pyrus_pyrifolia_burm._nak.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2016/12/28 15:38 von andreas