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prunus_padus_l

Prunus padus L. - syn.Padus avium Mill.; Cerasus padus (L.) DC. - Rosaceae
bird cherry, hackberry, Gewöhnliche Traubenkirsche

Shrub or tree, native to northern Europe (European Bird Cherry, Prunus padus var. padus) and Asia (Asian Bird Cherry Prunus padus var. commutata); leaves ovate to obovate, rounded or cordate at the base, serrulate; flowers in erect to pendent racemes, white, fragrant, calyx receptacle hairy within; fruit black, globular, with bitter taste.
[Prunus padus L., Leather, S.R., Journal of Ecology, 1996, 125-132]

„Literature illustrated a wide geographical range. The species thrives in different habitats. Literature further describes three subspecies and more than twenty varieties. The taxonomical subdivision of the species is disputed and unsolved yet.“
[European bird cherry (Prunus padus L.) - a biodiverse wild plant for horticulture: http://orgprints.org/14845/1/met61.pdf ]

„Bark and seeds contain the cyanogenic glycoside amygdalin.“
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gew%C3%B6hnliche_Traubenkirsche

„The flowers are hermaphroditic and pollinated by bees and flies. The fruit is readily eaten by birds, which do not taste astringency as unpleasant. Bird-cherry Ermine moth (Yponomeuta evonymella) uses bird-cherry as its host plant, and the larvae can eat single trees leafless.“
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prunus_padus

The odor of the flowers „… can be described as clear cherry-flower-like with spects of orange flower, jasmin and elder flower and a characteristic undertone of anthranilate-like compounds.“
Main constituents of the vacuum headspace concentrate were benzaldehyde, anthranilic aldehyde, benzyl alcohol, 2-phenylethanol, linalool, (E)-8-oxolinalool, and (E,E)-α-farnesene.
„The compounds, which are responsible for the typical odor, are benzaldehyde, 2-phenylethyl alcohol, phenylacetaldehyde, phenylacetonitrile, linalool and a number of nitrogen-containing constituents like indole, methyl anthranilate, anthranilic aldehyde, 2-aminoacetophenone and nicotinic aldehyde.“
[Volatile constituents of European bird cherry flowers (Padus avium Mill.). Surburg, H., Güntert, M., Schwarze, B.,Journal of Essential Oil Research, Vol.2(6), 1990, 307-316]

„P.padus flower diethyl ether extract was found to be rich in (Z)-8-hydroxylinalool (30.4%), benzaldehyde (19.8%) and 2-phenylethanol (15.1%).“
[GC-MS analyses of flower ether extracts of Prunus domestica L. and Prunus padus L. (Rosaceae). Radulović NS, Đorđević AS, Zlatković BK, Palić RM. Chemical Papers, Vol.63(4), 2009, 377-384]

prunus_padus.jpg
Lindman, C.A.M., Bilder ur Nordens Flora, vol.2, t.312 (1922-1926)
http://plantgenera.org/species.php?id_species=1266095


Prunus padus flowers, CC BY-SA 3.0, Author: Andreas Kraska

prunus_padus_l.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2018/02/01 00:10 von andreas