Prunus padus L. - syn.Padus avium Mill.; Cerasus padus (L.) DC. - Rosaceae
bird cherry, hackberry, Gewöhnliche Traubenkirsche
Shrub or tree, native to northern Europe (European Bird Cherry, Prunus padus var. padus) and Asia (Asian Bird Cherry Prunus padus var. commutata); leaves ovate to obovate, rounded or cordate at the base, serrulate; flowers in erect to pendent racemes, white, fragrant, calyx receptacle hairy within; fruit black, globular, with bitter taste.
[Prunus padus L., Leather, S.R., Journal of Ecology, 1996, 125-132]
„Literature illustrated a wide geographical range. The species thrives in different habitats. Literature further describes three subspecies and more than twenty varieties. The taxonomical subdivision of the species is disputed and unsolved yet.“
[European bird cherry (Prunus padus L.) - a biodiverse wild plant for horticulture: http://orgprints.org/14845/1/met61.pdf ]
„Bark and seeds contain the cyanogenic glycoside amygdalin.“
„The flowers are hermaphroditic and pollinated by bees and flies. The fruit is readily eaten by birds, which do not taste astringency as unpleasant. Bird-cherry Ermine moth (Yponomeuta evonymella) uses bird-cherry as its host plant, and the larvae can eat single trees leafless.“
The odor of the flowers „… can be described as clear cherry-flower-like with spects of orange flower, jasmin and elder flower and a characteristic undertone of anthranilate-like compounds.“
Main constituents of the vacuum headspace concentrate were benzaldehyde, anthranilic aldehyde, benzyl alcohol, 2-phenylethanol, linalool, (E)-8-oxolinalool, and (E,E)-α-farnesene.
„The compounds, which are responsible for the typical odor, are benzaldehyde, 2-phenylethyl alcohol, phenylacetaldehyde, phenylacetonitrile, linalool and a number of nitrogen-containing constituents like indole, methyl anthranilate, anthranilic aldehyde, 2-aminoacetophenone and nicotinic aldehyde.“
[Volatile constituents of European bird cherry flowers (Padus avium Mill.). Surburg, H., Güntert, M., Schwarze, B.,Journal of Essential Oil Research, Vol.2(6), 1990, 307-316]
„P.padus flower diethyl ether extract was found to be rich in (Z)-8-hydroxylinalool (30.4%), benzaldehyde (19.8%) and 2-phenylethanol (15.1%).“
[GC-MS analyses of flower ether extracts of Prunus domestica L. and Prunus padus L. (Rosaceae). Radulović NS, Đorđević AS, Zlatković BK, Palić RM. Chemical Papers, Vol.63(4), 2009, 377-384]
Lindman, C.A.M., Bilder ur Nordens Flora, vol.2, t.312 (1922-1926)
Prunus padus flowers, CC BY-SA 3.0, Author: Andreas Kraska