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pinus_palustris_mill

Pinus palustris Mill. - syn.Pinus australis F. Michx.; Pinus longifolia Salisb. - Pinaceae
longleaf pine, southern yellow pine, Sumpfkiefer

Evergreen tree, native to southeastern and southern North America; leaves (2)-3 per fascicle, 20-45cm long, persisting 2 years; pollen cones 30-80mm, purplish; seed cones ovoid-cylindric when open, 15-25cm, dull brown, maturing in 2 years. „Pinus palustris is fire successional, with a deep taproot and a definite grass stage. It is a valued species for lumber and pulpwood and was once important for naval stores (e.g., turpentine, pine oil, tar, pitch).“
http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=200005348

The essential oil of fresh needles and twigs, collected by steam distillation, consists mainly of β-pinene (32-50%). Other compounds present are germacrene-D (17.6%), (-)-camphene (14%), (-)-α-pinene (2-9%), α-terpineol (8%), δ-cadinene (5.1%), limonene (up to 5%), α-cadinol (4%), caryophyllene (3.8%) and other mono- and sesquiterpenes.
[Pini aetheoleum (Kiefernnadelöl aus Pinus palustris), Hagers Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Springer 2010]

pinus_palustris.jpg
Lambert, A.B., Description of the genus Pinus and some other remarkable plants, 2nd ed., vol. 1: t. 20 (1890) [Franz Bauer]
http://plantgenera.org/species.php?id_species=794927

pinus_palustris_mill.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2016/01/23 20:05 von andreas