Morus nigra L. - Moraceae - black mulberry, common mulberry, Schwarze Maulbeere, Schwarzer Maulbeerbaum
Deciduous tree, up to 10m high, native to West Asia, widely cultivated; leaves broadly ovate, rough above, margin regularly coarsely serrate; berries deep purple to black.
„The flavour characteristics of three black mulberry (Morus nigra) cultivars from the Aegean region of Turkey were investigated using GC/MS and sensory analysis techniques. A total of 18 flavour compounds were identified by GC/MS in the three cultivars. Total sugar content varied between 11.3 and 16.2%, pH between 3.60 and 3.80 and total acidity between 1.51 and 1.79%. The sensory assessment indicated that black mulberry has fruity, sweet, sour, musky and woody flavour notes and fruity, acid, musky, leafy and woody-fresh aroma characteristics. The evaluation of GC/MS and sensory data revealed that ethyl linolenate was the most effective compound contributing to the unique flavour of black mulberry.“
[Flavour evaluation of three black mulberry (Morus nigra) cultivars using GC/MS, chemical and sensory data., Elmacı, Y., Altuğ, T., Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Vol.82(6), 2002, 632-635]
Jaume Saint-Hilaire, J.H., Traité des arbres forestiers, t. 45 (1824)