Mimusops elengi L. - Sapotaceae - Indian medlar, Spanish cherry, bullet wood พิกุล (thai), bakula ಬಕುಲ (ranja), maulsari (hindi), bakul (bengali)
Evergreen tree, native in tropical forests of Southern and Southeast Asia and northern Australia, naturalized and cultivated in tropics; leaves alternate, broadly ovate; flowers creamish white, fragrant, 15mm in diam.; fruit edible, ovoid, 2.5-4cm long, pubescent when young, smooth and bright red-orange when ripe.
„The wood is used for building purposes, piles, bridges, agricultural implements and oil mills. The fruit is eaten; it is sometimes used for making preserves and pickles. The caducous corollas are used for making fragrant garlands. The bark is astringent and tonic and is used in diarrhoea and dysentry. A decoction of bark is used for gargle.“ http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=220008636
„The headspace and solvent extract of the flowers of Mimusops elengi L. were analyzed by capillary GC and GC/MS.A total of 74 compounds were identified, of which the major chemical classes were aromatic alcohols and esters derived from the phenylpropanoid metabolism. Headspace analysis showed 2-phenylethanol (37.80%), methyl benzoate (13.40%), p-methylanisole (9.94%) and 2-phenylethyl acetate (7.16%) as most abundant, whereas in the solvent extract 2-phenylethanol (38.79%), (E)-cinnamyl alcohol (13.72%) and 3-hydroxy-4-phenyl-2-butanone (4.74%) were dominant.“
[Volatile components of Mimusops elengi L. flowers., Wong, K.C., Teng, Y.E., Journal of Essential Oil Research, Vol.6(5), 1994, 453-458]
Roxburgh, W., Plants of the coast of Coromandel, vol.1, t.14 (1795)
Mimusops elengi (bakul gaachh in Bengali); Balarambati (Hooghly), WB; efloraofindia