Laserpitium siler L. - syn. Siler montanum Crantz; Laserpitium montanum Lam. - Apiaceae
laserwort, Berg-Laserkraut, Bergkümmel
Perennial, 40-150cm tall, native to central and southern Europe (Iberian Peninsula, Apennine Mountains, Balkan, Alpes); leaves alternate, 3-4 fold pinnate, blueish green; umbels of white flowers; fruits 5-12mm long, with intense odour.
Main components of the hydrodistilled seed oil of Laserpitium siler grown in southern France were perillaldehyde (4-isopropenyl-1-cyclohexene-1-carboxaldehyde, spicy cumin-like, 75.0%) and limonene (22.0%).
[Chizzola, Remigius, Johannes Novak, and Chlodwig Franz. „Fruit oil of Laserpitium siler L. grown in France.“ Journal of Essential Oil Research 11.2 (1999): 197-198]
When the dried and flattened umbels with fruits of Laserpitium siler were steam-distilled, the main constituents of the essential oil were limonene (68.9%), perillaldehyde (23.7%), and chamazulene (1.4%). The steam-distilled freshly harvested leaves without pretreatment gave an essential oil with limonene (29.6%), sabinene (19.9%), α-pinene (12.1%), germacrene D (10.1%), chamazulene (5.2%), myrcene (4.1%), β-caryophyllene (2.5%), and γ-terpinene (2.1%) as main compounds.
Cosmetic products with L.siler essential are claimed to reduce cellulite.
[Pelletier, P., Pegeon, A., & Lartaud, P. (2016). U.S. Patent Application No. 15/106,492]
J. Zorn, Icones plantarum medicinalium, Abbildungen von Arzneygewächsen, 1. Aufl., vol.5 t.429 (1784)
Laserpitium siler L. © Rolf Marschner (2009), www.botanische-spaziergaenge.at