Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spreng. - lizard orchid, Bocks-Riemenzunge
Orchid, 30-80 cm high; leaves oblong-ovate to lanceolate; inflorescence up to 30cm tall, cylindric, many-flowered; flower odor described as being reminescent of goat.
„It is usually rare but can sometimes be found in great numbers in suitable habitats. This orchid grows in dry meadows, rocky areas, and open woods. It may reach a height of 133 centimetres (52 in).“ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Himantoglossum_hircinum
Headspace analysis showed that the flower scent (reminding of goat, hot iron, linnen) is mainly attributable to the combination of (E)-3-methyl-4-decenoic acid (24.0%), (Z)-4-decenoic acid (34.0%) and lauric acid (12.0%), accompanied by (E)-ocimene (12.0%) and traces of p-cresol, eugenol and vanillin.
[Roman Kaiser, The scent of orchids: olfactory and chemical investigations., Basel 1993, 179-181 and 226]
„The smell of the flowers is unmistakable. Some people say the smell is of male goats and in languages other than English the common name is (billy-)goat orchid. The strong smell may be an adaptation to attract flies or night-flying insects.“
[Carey, P. D., and L. Farrell. „Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Sprengel.“ Journal of Ecology 90.1 (2002): 206-218] https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1046/j.0022-0477.2001.00640.x
Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Sprengel; J.B. Barla, Flore illustré de Nice et des Alpes-maritimes. Iconographie des Orchidées, t.24 (1868)
Himantoglossum hircinum, near Jena, Germany (2019)
Author: Andreas Kraska CC BY-SA 3.0