Rosaceae - syn. Filipendula hexapetala Gilib., Spiraea filipendula L.; dropwort, fern-leaf dropwort, Kleines Mädesüß
Perennial herb, 30-60cm high, native to Europe, North Africa to Central Asia; leaves in a basal rosette and alternate on the stem, short-stalked or sitting, bipinnate; flowers with white, outside often somewhat reddish petals.
„Propagation is by seed and the division of the creeping roots. The tuberous roots and young leaves can be cooked as a vegetable or eaten raw as a salad. The taste is bitter sweet. Mature leaves smell of oil of wintergreen when crushed, due to the release of methyl salicylate.“ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filipendula_vulgaris
„The aerial parts of F. hexapetala yielded 0.1% (w/w) of yellowish oil… Thirty-one compounds were identified, representing 90.8% of the total oil. The main constituent was identified as hydrocarbon n-tricosane (17.9%). The oil was characterized by a high content of salicylic acid derivatives: salicylaldehyde (13.7%), benzyl salicylate (6.8%), and methyl salicylate (6.7%). Besides, n-nonanal (11.9%), 2-heptadecanone (6.2%), and linalool (5.2%) were present in significant amounts, while other constituents were in less than 5%.“
[Essential oil of Filipendula hexapetala. M. Pavlovic, S. Petrovic, M. Ristic, Z. Maksimovic, and N. Kovacevic, Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. 43 (2), 2007, 228-229]
Filipendula vulgaris Moench as Filipendula hexapetala Gilib.
Lindman, C.A.M., Bilder ur Nordens Flora, vol.2 t.289 (1922-1926)
Filipendula vulgaris flowers
© Rolf Marschner (2008), www.botanische-spaziergaenge.at