Fagus sylvatica L. - Fagaceae - European beech, coomon beech, Rot-Buche
Large deciduous tree, up to 50m tall; bark silver-grey, smooth; leaves alternate, ovate to elliptic, simple, entire, up to 10cm long; male and female flowers borne on the same branches.
„Male flowers numerous, crowded into slender‐stalked, pendent globose heads, each flower with 8–16 stamens surrounded by a 4–7 lobed perianth. Female inflorescence usually with two flowers, each with three styles and a 4–5 lobed perianth, each pair surrounded by a scaly 4‐partite involucral cupule. Anemophilous. Fruit an ovoid sharply 3‐angled nut 12–18 mm long, 1–2(5) nuts enclosed within a cupule 2–5(7.5) cm long, covered with prickly, awl‐shaped appendages…“
[Packham, John R., et al. „Biological flora of the British Isles: Fagus sylvatica.“ Journal of Ecology 100.6 (2012): 1557-1608] https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2012.02017.x
Beechwood creosote preparations have been used in former times as expectorant against bronchitis.
[entry 'Fagusan', Arzneimittelverzeichnis der DDR, 1990] see also https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liste_von_Markennamen_und_Produkten_in_der_DDR
„Beechwood creosote has recently been strictly regulated for medicinal treatment and progressively deleted
from the Pharmacopoeia in Western countries. However, wood creosote is still listed in the Japanese and
Korean Pharmacopoeia for the treatment of diarrhea… Volatile constituents of beechwood creosote were determined using gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC‐MS). The major volatile constituents of creosote were 2‐methoxyphenol (guaiacol; 25.2%) 2‐methoxy‐4‐methylphenol (4‐methylguaiacol; 21.4%), 3‐methylphenol (m‐cresol; 8.3%) 4‐methylphenol (p‐cresol; 7.9%) 2‐methylphenol (o‐cresol; 4.6%) and phenol (2.8%).“
[Lee, Kwang‐Geun, et al. „Antioxidant activity and characterization of volatile constituents of beechwood creosote.“ Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 85.9 (2005): 1580-1586]
Masclef, A., Atlas des plantes de France, vol.3 t.296 (1893)