Eryngium maritimum L. - Apiaceae - sea holly, Stranddistel, Strand-Mannstreu
Native to the atlantic coasts of Europe, Baltic sea, Mediterranean, Black sea; 20-60 cm high.
„The blue-green leaves are lobed palmate. The whitish leaf margin is wavy in itself. It forms several prongs which go into a long, sharp thorns. The entire plant is frosted with a layer of wax to bluish white.“ http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eryngium_maritimum
„In Elizabethan times in England, these plants were believed to be a strong aphrodisiac. They are named in a speech by Falstaff (Act 5, scene v, „The Merry Wives of Windsor“, William Shakespeare)“ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eryngium_maritimum
„With germacrene D (13.7–45.9%), three uncommon oxygenated sesquiterpenes, 4βH-cadin-9-en-15-al (18.4–27.6%), 4βH-cadin-9-en-15-ol (2.2–14.3%) and 4βH-muurol-9-en-15-al (4.3–9.3%), were identified as main components of the essential oils obtained from the plant aerial parts. Relative to these, essential oils from the roots differed drastically with high contents of 2,4,5-trimethylbenzaldehyde (39.8%), 2,3,6-trimethylbenzaldehyde (29.0%) and α-muurolene (23.5%).“
[Chemical variability and antioxidant activity of Eryngium maritimum L. essential oils from Corsica and Sardinia (pages 3–13) Florent Darriet, Stéphane Andreani, Marie-Cécile De Cian, Jean Costa and Alain Muselli, Flavour and Fragrance Journal, Vol.29 (1), 2014, 3-13] http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ffj.3160/full
Eryngium maritimum, Botanischer Garten der Universität Wien
© Rolf Marschner (2018), www.botanische-spaziergaenge.at