Eryngium maritimum L. - Apiaceae - sea holly, Stranddistel, Strand-Mannstreu

Native to the atlantic coasts of Europe, Baltic sea, Mediterranean, Black sea; 20-60 cm high.

„The blue-green leaves are lobed palmate. The whitish leaf margin is wavy in itself. It forms several prongs which go into a long, sharp thorns. The entire plant is frosted with a layer of wax to bluish white.“

„In Elizabethan times in England, these plants were believed to be a strong aphrodisiac. They are named in a speech by Falstaff (Act 5, scene v, „The Merry Wives of Windsor“, William Shakespeare)“

„With germacrene D (13.7–45.9%), three uncommon oxygenated sesquiterpenes, 4βH-cadin-9-en-15-al (18.4–27.6%), 4βH-cadin-9-en-15-ol (2.2–14.3%) and 4βH-muurol-9-en-15-al (4.3–9.3%), were identified as main components of the essential oils obtained from the plant aerial parts. Relative to these, essential oils from the roots differed drastically with high contents of 2,4,5-trimethylbenzaldehyde (39.8%), 2,3,6-trimethylbenzaldehyde (29.0%) and α-muurolene (23.5%).“
[Chemical variability and antioxidant activity of Eryngium maritimum L. essential oils from Corsica and Sardinia (pages 3–13) Florent Darriet, Stéphane Andreani, Marie-Cécile De Cian, Jean Costa and Alain Muselli, Flavour and Fragrance Journal, Vol.29 (1), 2014, 3-13]

[Christiaan Sepp, Flora Batava, Vol.2, 1807]

Eryngium maritimum, Botanischer Garten der Universität Wien
© Rolf Marschner (2018),

eryngium_maritimum_l.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2018/07/24 18:38 von andreas