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eremophila_mitchelli_benth

Eremophila mitchelli Benth. - Scrophulariaceae (also placed in Myoporaceae) - false sandalwood, buddah, buddha wood, sandal box, bastard sandalwood

Large shrub or small tree, up to 10m tall, endemic to Australia; bark flaky; leaves linear or lance-shaped, up to 6cm long; flowers tubular, 10-18mm long, white or cream or sometimes pale pink. http://www.anpsa.org.au/e-mit.html

„Its timber is widely described as possessing a very strong scent that is reminiscent to that of sandalwood (Santalum spp.) and historically its essential oil has been exploited commercially by the perfume industry… The eremophilanes were first reported from the wood oil of E. mitchellii in 1932 by Bradfield and co-workers… The heartwood yielded an aromatic oil (2.2 % w/w) that was also predominantly composed of sesquiterpenes. Three of the major constituents identified in the heartwood oil were eremophilone (42.9%), santalcamphor (17.5%), and 9-hydroxy-7(11),9-eremophiladien-8-one (18.0%) and their occurrence in E. mitchellii has been well documented (Bradfield 1932a, 1932b; Massy-Westropp and Reynolds 1966; Adams 2007). A fourth major constituent, the novel 9-hydroxy-1,7(11),9-eremophilatrien-9-one proved to be very unstable. These four major constituents account for 80% of the wood oil.“

 eremophilone
eremophilone
 santalcamphor
santalcamphor
 9-hydroxy-7(11),9-eremophiladien-8-one
9-hydroxy-7(11),9-eremophiladien-8-one

[Chemical composition and cytotoxicity of oils and eremophilanes derived from various parts of Eremophila mitchellii Benth.(Myoporaceae)., Beattie, K.D., Waterman, P.G., Forster, P.I., Thompson, D.R., Leach, D.N., Phytochemistry, 72(4), 2011, 400-408] http://www98.griffith.edu.au/dspace/bitstream/handle/10072/42599/74967_1.pdf

eremophila_mithellii.jpg
Eremophila mitchelli (left), Maiden,J.H., Forest Flora of New South Wales, vol.7 t.247 (1917-1921)
http://plantgenera.org/species.php?id_species=392941

upload.wikimedia.org_wikipedia_commons_thumb_d_d5_eremophila_mitchellii.jpg_800px-eremophila_mitchellii.jpg
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ Flowers and foliage, Author: Ian Sutton, Wikimedia Commons

eremophila_mitchelli_benth.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2018/06/21 12:14 von andreas