Dittrichia graveolens (L.) Greuter - syn.Erigeron graveolens L.; Inula graveolens (L.) Desf. - Asteraceae
campher inula, stinkweed, stinkword, Klebriger Alant, Drüsiger Alant
Branching subshrub, up to 130cm tall, native to Southern Europe, Northern Africa, Western Asia, India, naturalized elsewhere (California e.g.).
„Its sticky, glandular-hairy foliage is intensely aromatic. The oils on the foliage, especially on mature plants, make it difficult to control with postemergence herbicides.“
The major components of the steam distilled essential oil from aerial parts of Dittrichia graveolens were borneol (60.7%), β-caryophyllene (8.3%) and bornyl acetate (6.8%).
[Mirza, M., and L. Ahmadi. „Composition of the Essential oil of Dittrichia graveolens (L.) Greuter.“ Journal of Essential Oil Research 12.4 (2000): 507-508]
„The essential oil from the aerial parts of Greek Dittrichia graveolens has been analyzed using GC/MS. More than 50 compounds were identified from the oil. The major constituents of the oil were found to be epi-α-cadinol (30.2%) and bornyl acetate (25.4%).“
[Petropoulou, Alexandra, Olga Tzakou, and Eumorphia Verykokidou. „Volatile constituents of Dittrichia graveolens (L.) Greuter from Greece.“ Journal of Essential Oil Research 16.5 (2004): 400-401]
„Essential oils isolated from the aerial parts of two different Lebanese wild populations of Dittrichia graveolens were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. It was shown that around 90% of the total composition consisted of oxygenated compounds. The four major components identified were bornyl acetate (70.6-72.3%), T-cadinol (1.4-13.4%), borneol (2.7-12.4%), and caryophyllene oxide (1.9-2.3%)…“
[Ghosn, Marwan W., et al. „Chemical Profle of the Dittrichia graveolens (Desf.) Greuter Essential Oil of Lebanese Origin.“ Journal of Essential Oil Research 18.4 (2006): 443-444]
Major components of the hydrodistilled essential oil from aerial parts of D.graveolens grown in Iran were 1,8-cineole (54.8%), p-cymene (16.2%), beta-pinene (6.9%) and borneol (5.4%).
[Aghel, Nasrin, Ali Zarei Mahmoudabadi, and Loobat Darvishi. „Volatile constituents and anti candida activity of the aerial parts essential oil of Dittrichia graveolens (L.) Greuter grown in Iran.“ African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 5.6 (2011): 772-775] http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/AJPP/article-full-text-pdf/A23927030560
© Rolf Marschner (2015), www.botanische-spaziergaenge.at