Dianthus superbus L. - Caryophyllaceae - fringed pink, oeillet superbe (fr.), Prachtnelke
Perennial herb, up to 60(-80)cm tall, native from Southeastern Europe (France) to Eastern Asia (China, Japan); leaves green to glaucous, linear-lanceolate, 5-10cm long; flowers terminal, sometimes axillary, calyx usually reddish purple, cylindric, 2.5-3cm long, bracts 4 (6) ca. 1/4 as long as calyx; five deeply cut fringed petals, pale pink to lavender; flowers sweetly scented; seeds black, glossy, compressed ovoid, ca. 2mm.
Main components of the haedspace of Dianthus superbus are (E)-ocimene (43.2%) and caryophyllene (25.5%). The scent is not clove-like but warm-aromatic floral, based on benzyl salicylate (0.02%), vanillin (0.03%), (E)-isoeugenol (0.03%), (E)-2,3-dihydrofarnesol (0.9%), (E)-2,3-dihydrofarnesal (0.1%), methylisoeugenol (0.3%), methyl salicylate (4.1%) and methyl benzoate (4.6%).
[Scent of a vanishing flora, Roman Kaiser, 2011, 187 and 348-349]
Dianthus superbus L.; Dietrich, A.G., Flora regni borussici, vol.3 t.196 (1835)
Dianthus superbus subsp. superbus © Rolf Marschner (2008), www.botanische-spaziergaenge.at