Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalz. - syn. Paradaniellia oliveri Rolfe - Fabaceae
West African (gum) copal, African copaiba balsamtree, Afrikanischer Copal (-Baum)

Deciduous tree, up to 25 (45)m high, native to west tropical africa, cultivated in Africa; bark pale grey, scaly, with crimson slash; crown obconical, flat-topped; leaves with petiole 17-50cm long, leaflets 4-10 pairs, ovate-elliptic to ovate-oblong; flowers white, fragrant; seeds obovoid or ellipsoid, 2-2.6cm long.
„This tree yields an oleo-resin known as West African gum copal.“

Daniellia oliveri bark CO2 extract is used as cosmetic and fragrance agent, containing essential oil (70-85%, mainly sesquiterpenes). Major components are γ-cadinene (15-25%), cubebene, copaene, caryophyllene, humulene, and caryophyllene oxide.
[African Copal Rinden CO2-se Extrakt, Typ Nr. 213.00, Flavex Corp. 2010]

Daniellia oliveri, Photographer: Emeline Assede, 2014, Location: Benin, Pendjari National Park
Brunken, U., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Janssen, T., Thiombiano, A. & Zizka, G. 2008. West African plants - A Photo Guide. - Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.

daniellia_oliveri_rolfe_hutch._dalz.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2016/10/07 09:16 von andreas