Cinnamosma fragrans Baill. - Canellaceae - motrobeatiniana, mandravasarotra (Madagascar local names), saro
Endemic tree of Madagascar.
The steam distilled essential oil is traded as „saro essential oil“, used in aromatherapy.
„A commercial oil from Madagascar, labeled as mandravasarotra, was analyzed by GC and GC/MS. The oil was found to be rich in 1,8-cineole (51.0%) and sabinene (10.6%).“
[Tucker, Arthur O., et al. „A commercial essential oil of Mandravasarotra (Cinnamosma fragrans Baill., Canellaceae) from Madagascar.“ Journal of Essential Oil Research 20.3 (2008): 259-260]
„Leaves and fruits are very aromatic and have spiced flavour… C.fragrans is used traditionally against respiratory, parasitic and gastro-intestinal infections, syphilis, and malaria. Several essential oil components have been reported as efficient antibacterial or antifungal agents, such as linalool, 1,8-cineole, α-terpineol, terpinen-4-ol, α-pinene, β-pinene, β-caryophyllene, α-phellandrene, p-cymene…
Essential oil samples of Cinnamosma fragrans from two regions in Madagascar, Tsaramandroso (38 samples) and Mariarano (30 samples), were analysed by GC/MS. Fifty-seven components were identified, accounting from 88.3% to 99.4% of the oils’ composition. The major components were linalool (72.5 ± 23.3%) in Tsaramandroso and 1,8-cineole (47.3 ± 10.2%) in Mariarano.“
[Randrianarivelo, Roger, et al. „Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils of Cinnamosma fragrans.“ Food Chemistry 114.2 (2009): 680-684] http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6242.pdf
Cinnamosma fragrans Baill., living plant in habitat, Madagascar: Sakaraha, Mikoboka, Soatanà, lieu dit Antony, forêt d'Analavelona.
© Tefy Andriamihajarivo, CC-BY-NC-ND, http://www.tropicos.org/Image/100516224