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canarium_luzonicum_blume_a.gray [2017/11/19 15:46]
andreas
canarium_luzonicum_blume_a.gray [2019/03/16 17:06] (aktuell)
andreas
Zeile 7: Zeile 7:
  
 "​Aromatic elemi oil is steam distilled from the resin. It is a fragrant resin with a sharp pine and lemon-like scent... Elemi resin is chiefly used commercially in varnishes and lacquers, and certain printing inks. It is used as a herbal medicine to treat bronchitis, catarrh, extreme coughing, mature skin, scars, stress, and wounds."​ \\ [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Canarium_luzonicum]] "​Aromatic elemi oil is steam distilled from the resin. It is a fragrant resin with a sharp pine and lemon-like scent... Elemi resin is chiefly used commercially in varnishes and lacquers, and certain printing inks. It is used as a herbal medicine to treat bronchitis, catarrh, extreme coughing, mature skin, scars, stress, and wounds."​ \\ [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Canarium_luzonicum]]
 +
 +Extraction of the oleoresin using volatile solvents produces a resinoid with the olfactive description '​Aromatic,​ fresh, woody, resinous'​. \\
 +[[http://​matieres-premieres.robertet.com/​elemi-resinoid]] \\
 +Steam distillation of the resinoid yields elemi oil with olfactive description '​Spicy,​ peppery, zesty, sparkling'​. \\
 +[[http://​matieres-premieres.robertet.com/​elemi-oil]]
 +
 +"Elemi oil is responsible for the fresh-lemony,​ peppery odor of crude elemi and of elemi resinoid. The main constituent of the oil is phellandrene,​ a very unstable terpene, widely distributed in the plant kingdom. Small amounts of high-boiling,​ oxygenated components lend character and interesting dry-out notes to this oil which is found in amounts of 25-28% in elemi. \\
 +[Arctander, Steffen. Perfume and flavor materials of natural origin. 1960, 185; reprint Arctander, Steffen. Perfume and flavor materials of natural origin. Lulu. com, 2017, 144-145 (orig.221-223)] ​
 +
 +"Elemi gum is collected from several species but mainly Canarium luzonicum (Micu)A.Gray (syn.C.commune Wild.) in Malaysia and the Philippines. \\
 +[Robin Clery "​Fragrant adventures in Madagascar",​ in: Swift, Karl AD, ed. Advances in flavours and fragrances: From the sensation to the synthesis. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2007, 92-98]
  
 Manila elemi resin is constituted of tetra- and pentacyclic triterpenoids (70-80%) and essential oil (20-30%). An extract of the resin contained monoterpenes (30.8%) and sesquiterpenes (0.4%). Main monoterpenes were limonene (23.5%), α-phellandrene (4.2%), sabinene (0.7%), and γ-terpinene (0.5%). Main sesquiterpenes were elemol, β-eudesmol,​ and guaiol. \\ Manila elemi resin is constituted of tetra- and pentacyclic triterpenoids (70-80%) and essential oil (20-30%). An extract of the resin contained monoterpenes (30.8%) and sesquiterpenes (0.4%). Main monoterpenes were limonene (23.5%), α-phellandrene (4.2%), sabinene (0.7%), and γ-terpinene (0.5%). Main sesquiterpenes were elemol, β-eudesmol,​ and guaiol. \\
canarium_luzonicum_blume_a.gray.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2019/03/16 17:06 von andreas