Fabaceae - syn. Butea frondosa Roxb. ex Willd., Erythrina monosperma Lam.; palash, Bengal kino, flame-of-the-forest, Malabar-Lackbaum , Palasabaum, Dhak-Baum, Plossobaum
Tree of Southeast Asia from India to Indochina, Java, naturalized also in other tropcial countries; grown as ornamental and to get the resin (Butea-Kino, Bengal-Kino).
„It is a medium sized dry season-deciduous tree, growing to 15 m tall. It is a slow growing tree, young trees have a growth rate of a few feet per year. The leaves are pinnate, with an 8–16 cm petiole and three leaflets, each leaflet 10–20 cm long. The flowers are 2.5 cm long, bright orange-red, and produced in racemes up to 15 cm long. The fruit is a pod 15–20 cm long and 4–5 cm broad.
In West Bengal, it is associated with spring, especially through the poems and songs of Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, who likened its bright orange flame-like flower to fire.“ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butea_monosperma
„This tree, worshipped by the Hindus, is widely grown in S Asia, as an ornamental also elsewhere. It is a typical multipurpose tree, flowers are used for the preparation of a yellow dye (for silk especially, also ritually used), Butea gum or Bengal kino, an exsudate from the tanninferous vesicles in the bark is used for tanning and medicinally, from the seeds an oil is produced, the foliage is fed to domestic animals and the tree is a favorite host for the lack insect, Laccifera lacca, which produces shellac. For this purpose the tree is grown since more than 1.000 years in India. Recently it gained once more attention and is recommended as component of agroforestry systems, e.g. of the butea-paddy rice model, which is practised in S India. In Sri Lanka the tree is planted as a forestry species with secondary usage as medicinal plant. “ [http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/apex/f?p=185:46:14398042902105::NO::module,mf_use,source,akzanz,rehm,akzname,taxid:mf,,botnam,0,,Butea%20monosperma,26824]
„The methanol extract of Butea monosperma seeds, tested in vitro, showed significant anthelmintic activity.“ [Anthelmintic activity of Butea monosperma. Prashanth, D., et al. Fitoterapia, Vol.72 (4), 2001, 421-422]
„The anti-diarrhoeal potential of the ethanolic extract of stem bark of Butea monosperma (Lam) Kuntz has been evaluated using several experimental models in Wistar albino rats. The extract inhibited castor oil induced diarrhoea and PGE2 induced enteropooling in rats; it also reduced gastrointestinal motility after charcoal meal administration. The results obtained establish the efficacy and substantiate the use of this herbal remedy as a non-specific treatment for diarrhoea in folk medicine.“ [Anti-diarrhoeal activity of Butea monosperma in experimental animals. Gunakkunru, A., et al., Journal of ethnopharmacology, Vol.98 (3), 2005, 241-244]
„The (alcoholic) extract increased cellular proliferation and collagen synthesis at the wound site, as evidenced by increase in DNA, total protein and total collagen content of granulation tissues. The extract treated wounds were found to heal much faster as indicated by improved rates of epithelialization and wound contraction, also confirmed by histopathological examinations.“ [Efficacy of Butea monosperma on dermal wound healing in rats. Sumitra, Miriyala, Panchatcharam Manikandan, and Lochin Suguna. The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology, Vol.37 (3), 2005, 566-573]