Bursera delpechiana Poiss. ex Engl. - syn. Bursera linanoe (La Llave) Rzed., Calderón & Medina; Amyris linaloe La Llave - Burseraceae
Indian lavender tree, Mexican Linaloe tree, Indischer Lavendel-Baum, Linaloe-Baum
Deciduous tree, native to Mexico, cultivated in India.
„B.linanoe is a narrow endemic to the tropical dry forest in the south of Mexico in the states of Puebla, Oaxaca, Guerrero and Morelos (Becerra & Venable, 2008)… Introduced to india from Mexico at the beginning of the 20th century for the exploitation of its essential oil… Bursera delpechiana did well in the Indian environment due to its drought resistance and its cultivation spread soon to andhra Pradesh, Thailand, and other areas. The innovation of distilling the mature fruits instead of the wood, as it had been done in Mexico, proved to be a success, giving the indian oil a superior odor and a longer persistence. The indian oil eventually took over the international markets and its industrial exploitation in Mexico collapsed.“
Comparing the chemical composition of essential oils of Bursera delpechiana from Mexico and B. linanoe from India show (B.delpechiana/B.linaloe) linalool 2.20/0.16%, linalyl acetate 90.34/92.16% and germacrene D 1.96/0.72% as main components.
[Becerra, Judith X., and Koji Noge. „The Mexican roots of the Indian lavender tree.“ Acta Botanica Mexicana 91 (2010): 27-36] https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/574/57412477005.pdf
Essential oil obtained by steam distillation of the leaves and fruits contains more linalyl acetate than linalool; oil from the branches is the other way round. When stored for more than 12 months, cis- and trans-linalooloxide are formed.
[Hagers Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Springer 2010]
(R)-(-)-linalyl acetate (~95% ee; 57.6%), (S)-(-)-germacrene D (100% ee; 39.3%) and β-caryophyllene (1.8%) were the main components of B.linaloe leaf extract with dichloromethane. Linalool was found only as a trace (<0.1%).
[Noge, Koji, Nobuhiro Shimizu, and Judith X. Becerra. „(R)-(-)-Linalyl Acetate and (S)-(-)-Germacrene D from the Leaves of Mexican Bursera linanoe.“ Natural product communications 5.3 (2010): 1934578×1000500301]
Bursera delpechiana leaves, from: „Efloraofindia (2007 onwards). Database of Indian Plants - developed by the members of Efloraofindia Google group. Accessed at https://sites.google.com/site/efloraofindia/ on [16 Jan 2021].“