Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz syn. Barringtonia butonica J.R.Forst., Barringtonia. speciosa J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. - Lecythidaceae
Asian barringtonia, beach barringtonia, fish poison tree, sea poison tree, futu, Futu, Fotabe (Madagascar)

Native tree of mangrove habitats on tropical coasts and islands of the Indian Ocean and western Pacific Ocean from Zanzibar to Polynesia.
„The fruit is dispersed in the same way as a coconut - by ocean current - and is extremely water-resistant and buoyant… Its large pinkish-white, pompon flowers give off a sickly sweet smell to attract bats and moths which pollinate the flowers at night.“

„The very large brush-shaped flowers… filling the air far around with a sparkling aromatic spicy-floral perfume, the concept for a new „Air du Temps“. Of special importance to this sophisticated natural scent is the accord of (E)-ocimene (76%), (E)-isoeugenol (0.3%), and benzyl salicylate (1.1%), rounded off by 1H-indole (0.2%), vanillin (0.01%), (E)-2-methylbut-2-en-1-yl salicylate (0.01%) and prenyl salicylate (0.02%).“
[Meaningful Scents around the World, Roman Kaiser, Zürich 2006, 137-138; 218-219]

„The seeds of Barringtonia asiatica are used in the Pacific Islands by scraping the seeds on lava rocks by shallow tidal pools, and washing the scrapings into the water. This method and the methods described above result in dead or stunned fish rising to the surface in a short time where they are collected by hand, then cooked and eaten with no apparent harm to the consumer… The most active component of the futu poison was determined to be a new compound: 3-O-{[β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→3)-2-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)]-β-D-glucuronopyranosyloxy}-21-O-{[(2E)-2-methyl-1-oxo-2butenyl]oxy}-22-O-(2-methyl-1-oxobutoxy)-15,16,28-trihydroxy-(3β,15α,16α,22α)-olean-12-ene (Ranuncoside VIII).“
[Naturally occurring fish poisons from plants. Journal of chemical education, Vol.81 (10), 2004, 1457-1461]

Medium-sized fragrant white four-petalled flower filled with numerous stamens tinged with purplish pink; borne on short erect racemes; the flower opens in the evening and fades in the morning. (2013) CC BY-SA 4.0, Author Varun Pabrai Wikimedia Commons

barringtonia_asiatica_l._kurz.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2018/06/03 14:11 von andreas