Artemisia princeps Pamp. - Asteraceae - ヨモギ yomogi (jap.), 魁蒿 kui hao (chin.), Japanese mugwort, Japanischer Beifuß
Perennial herb, up to 1.2m tall, native to China, Korea and Japan; leaves pinnatipartite, leaflets ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, densely arachnoid tomentose abaxially; flowers buff colored.
„Leaves and young seedlings can be eaten raw or cooked. They can also be used in salads and soups after removal of the bitterness. The young leaves can be lightly boiled before being pounded and added to glutinous rice dumplings known as mochi to which they give a pleasant colour, aroma and flavour.“ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artemisia_princeps
„Extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.) were obtained using two methods: steam distillation under reduced pressure followed by dichloromethane extraction (DRP) and simultaneous purging and extraction (SPSE)… The major volatile constituents of the extract by DRP were borneol (10.27 ppm), α-thujone (3.49 ppm), artemisia alcohol (2.17 ppm), verbenone (1.85 ppm), yomogi alcohol (1.50 ppm), and germacren-4-ol (1.43 ppm). The major volatile constituents of the extract by SPSE were 1,8-cineole (8.12 ppm), artemisia acetate (4.22 ppm), α-thujone (3.20 ppm), β-caryophyllene (2.39 ppm), bornyl acetate (2.05 ppm), borneol (1.80 ppm), and trans-β-farnesene (1.78 ppm).“
[Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.)., Umano, K., Hagi, Y., Nakahara, K., Shoji, A., Shibamoto, T., Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, Vol.48(8), 2000, 3463-3469]
Artemisia princeps is a fundamental ingredient of the Japanese confection “kusa-mochi”. It has also been
used in Korean Folk Medicine for the treatment of inflammation, diarrhoea and many circulatory disorders.
[The Artemisia L. genus: a review of bioactive essential oils., Abad, M J., Bedoya, L.M., Apaza, L., Bermejo, P., Molecules, Vol.17(3), 2012, 2542-2566] http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/17/3/2542/pdf
Artemisia princeps, Orto Botanico di Brera (Milano)
Institut für Pflanzenbiologie, Technische Universität Braunschweig http://ifp.rz.tu-bs.de/geobot/virt-exkursion/virtex_200702.html