Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm. - syn.Anthriscus longirostris Bertol.; Scandix cerefolium L. - Apiaceae
garden chervil, Garten-Kerbel

Delicate annual herb, constituent of the French herb mixture „fines herbes“ along with tarragon, chives, and parsley. The taste is determined by the essential oil of the plant: Fresh herb contains around 0.03%, fruits 0.9%. Main constituents of the volatile oil are 1-allyl-2,4-dimethoxybenzene (30%) and estragole (methyl chavicol, 60%).

„Chervil is used, particularly in France, to season poultry, seafood, young spring vegetables (such as carrots), soups, and sauces. More delicate than parsley, it has a faint taste of liquorice or aniseed.“

 chervil phenylpropanoids
estragole (methyl chavicol, R=H)
1-allyl-2,4-dimethoxybenzene (R=OMe)

„The composition of the essential oil from the different above ground plant parts of Anthriscus cerefolium and A. caucalis collected in the urban area of Vienna has been studied. The essential oils of A. cerefolium were dominated by estragole (= methylchavicol) and 1-allyl-2,4-dimethoxybenzene, occurring in various proportions. The oils from young flowering plants had more estragole than 1-allyl-2,4-dimethoxybenzene. Fruits from one location reached 95% estragole in the essential oil.“
[Composition of the essential oils from Anthriscus cerefolium var. trichocarpa and A. caucalis growing wild in the urban area of Vienna (Austria). Chizzola R., Nat Prod Commun. 2011 Aug;6(8):1147-50]

„The water-distilled essential oil of Anthriscus cerefolium (Umbelliferae) growing wild in Turkey was analyzed by GC/MS. Four compounds comprising the total oil were methyl chavicol (83.10%), 1-allyl-2,4-dimethoxybenzene (15.15%), undecane (1.75%) and β-pinene (<0.01%).“
[The Essential Oil of Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm. Chervil) Growing Wild in Turkey. K. H.C. Baser, N. Ermin, B. Demirçakmak, Journal of Essential Oil Research Vol. 10, Iss. 4, 1998]

Masclef, A., Atlas des plantes de France, vol.2 t.141 (1890)

Anthriscus cerefolium
© Rolf Marschner (2004),

anthriscus_cerefolium_l._hoffm.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2017/10/18 12:56 von andreas