Annona glabra L. - syn. Annona humboldtiana Kunth; Annona humboldtii Dunal; Annona palustris L. - Annonaceae
bagá (span.), pond apple, alligator apple, monkey apple, mangrove anona, Mangroven-Annone, Alligatorapfel, Wasserapfel
Shrub or tree, up to 15m tall, native to the tropical America (Florida-Brazil) and West Africa, cultivated and naturalized elsewhere; leaves alternate, ovate to elliptic, glabrous; flowers solitary, from leaf axils on new shoots, outer petals cream-white, ovate-cordate, inner petals cream-white, inside base deep purple, oblong-ovate; fruit pendulous on thickened peduncle, dull yellow blotched with brown, ovoid, 5-12 cm, smooth with reticulate pattern formed by pistil boundaries. „Annona glabra ( Annona sect. Phelloxylon Safford) has edible although scarcely desirable, yellow-fleshed fruits.“ http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=200008506
„Pulp is fleshy, pinkish-orange or orange, aromatic and pungent. Each fruit contains about 100 light brown coloured seeds, which are about 1 cm in length. Uses: Fruits are delicious and eaten raw. They are also used in the preparation of a sweet drink.“
[Trees and shrubs of the Maldives., Selvam, V, RAP Publication 12, 2007] http://www.fao.org/forestry/14635-087ce4f27d7aee9662f6996003709769c.pdf
„Mature fruit have a sweet aroma. The pulp is fleshy, mealy and pithy. The color is yellowish-orange.
They are an important wildlife food favored by birds, raccoons, squirrels, turtles and even alligators.
Ripe fruits are considered edible but unpalatable to humans.“
[Pond apple - Annona glabra, factsheet, The State of Queensland, Depar tment of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, 2014] [Brown, S.H., Mark, S. Annona glabra Family: Annonaceae., 2013] http://lee.ifas.ufl.edu/Hort/GardenPubsAZ/Pond_Apple.pdf
Pond apple is a major environmental weed in Australia. As the seeds are dispersed by water, disturbed flood-prone ecosystems, particularly mangroves, are most at risk from pond apple invasion.
„The volatile constituents of the fruits of Annona glabra L. growing wild in North Brazil were analysed by GC-MS. The fruits were collected at three stages of ripening: unripe, half-ripe and ripe. The most abundant class of compounds found in the aromas were terpenoids. The major components identified were α-pinene (unripe, 18.5%; half-ripe, 11.3%; ripe, 15.0%), limonene (unripe, 20.0%: half-ripe, 20.7%; ripe, 20.6%), α-phellandrene (unripe, 21.0%; half-ripe, 1.2%; ripe, 2.0%) and (E)-β-ocimene (unripe, 15.8%; half-ripe, 19.7%; ripe, 18.3%).“
[Volatile constituents of fruits of Annona glabra L. from Brazil., Santos, A.S., Andrade, E.H.D.A., Zoghbi, M.D.G.B., Maia, J.G.S., Flavour and fragrance journal, 13(3), 1998, 148-150]
„Volatile components of baga fruit were isolated by simultaneous hydrodistillation/solvent extraction. The fruit had 887.9 mg/kg of total volatile compounds. Major components were myrcene (47.1%), (Z)-β-ocimene (16.3%), limonene (11.2%) and α-pinene (9.5%).“
[Volatile components of baga (Annona glabra L.) fruit., Pino, J.A., Marbot, R., Agüero, J., Journal of Essential Oil Research, 14(4), 2002, 252-253]
Annona glabra L. as Annona palustris L., Curtis’s Botanical Magazine, vol.72 [ser.3, vol.2] t.4226 (1846) [W.H.Fitch]