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myristica_fragrans_houtt [2017/11/03 10:11]
andreas
myristica_fragrans_houtt [2019/03/13 22:18] (aktuell)
andreas
Zeile 13: Zeile 13:
 "The essential oil is known to have spasmolytic activity and relieves stomach cramps and flatulence. The addictive and hallucinogenic effects are ascribed to myristicin and elemicin that are converted to amphetamin-like compounds [in the body]."​ \\ "The essential oil is known to have spasmolytic activity and relieves stomach cramps and flatulence. The addictive and hallucinogenic effects are ascribed to myristicin and elemicin that are converted to amphetamin-like compounds [in the body]."​ \\
 [Medicinal Plants of the World. Ben-Erik Van Wyk and Michael Wink, Pretoria 2004, 210] [Medicinal Plants of the World. Ben-Erik Van Wyk and Michael Wink, Pretoria 2004, 210]
 +
 +"The essential oil content ranged from 3.9% (A9/116) to 16.5% (A9/18) (v Iw) in nutmeg and 6% (A9/107) to 26.1% (A9/18) in mace... Myristicin content ranged from 1.1 % (A9/20) to 45.6% (A11/21) in nutmeg oil and 0.21% (A9/13) to 36.6% (A4/117) in mace oil; the elemicin content ranged from 1.0% (A4/22) to 29.7% (A11/26) in nutmeg oil and 1.0% (A9 II) to 30.2 % (A4/12) in mace oil. Safrole content ranged from 0.1% (A9/11) to 22.1% (A9/13) in essential oil and 0.2% (A9 Ill) to 21.8% (A9/13) in mace oil." \\
 +[Maya, K. M., T. John Zachariah, and B. Krishnamoorthy. "​Chemical composition of essential oil of nutmeg (Myristicafragrans Houtt.) accesc sions."​ Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops 13.2 (2004): 135-139] [[https://​updatepublishing.com/​journals/​index.php/​josac/​article/​download/​612/​574]]
  
 "An amount of 4.92 g of the essential oil was obtained from 100 g of nutmeg [three-hour hydrodistillation]. Major components of nutmeg oil are terpenes, terpene alcohols and phenolic ethers. The monoterpene hydrocarbons,​ β-pinene (23.9 %), α-pinene (17.2 %), and limonene (7.5 %), constituted the main fraction of nutmeg oil. The major phenolic ether is myristicin (16.2 %), accompanied by safrole (3.9 %) and methyl eugenol (1.8 %)." \\ "An amount of 4.92 g of the essential oil was obtained from 100 g of nutmeg [three-hour hydrodistillation]. Major components of nutmeg oil are terpenes, terpene alcohols and phenolic ethers. The monoterpene hydrocarbons,​ β-pinene (23.9 %), α-pinene (17.2 %), and limonene (7.5 %), constituted the main fraction of nutmeg oil. The major phenolic ether is myristicin (16.2 %), accompanied by safrole (3.9 %) and methyl eugenol (1.8 %)." \\
myristica_fragrans_houtt.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2019/03/13 22:18 von andreas