Mandragora autumnalis Bertol. - (placed to Mandragora officinarum by some authors) - Solanaceae
autumn mandrake, Herbst-Alraune, Mandragora
„The boundary between the two species Mandragora autumnalis and Mandragora officinarum varies among authors, with some regarding them as the same species… For those authors who regard Mandragora autumnalis as the main species found around the Mediterranean, it has flowers varying in colour but typically violet or purple, 30–40 mm (1–2 in) long, and berries that are yellow or orange and egg-shaped, while the much less widespread Mandragora officinarum has somewhat smaller flowers, greenish-white in colour, and berries that are yellow and globe-shaped.“ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandragora_autumnalis
The major odoriferous constituents of the fruits of mandrake (Mandragora officinarum L.) were ethylbutyrate (~22%), hexanol (~14%), butyl acetate (~9%) and hexyl acetate (~7%). An unusually high proportion of sulphur containing compounds (over 7%) contribute to the heavy, fruity and provocative odor of the mandrake fruit.
[The odoriferous principles of mandrake, Mandragora officinarum L., Fleisher, Z., Fleisher, A., Aromatic plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part IX. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 4(2), 1992, 187-188]
Mandragora autumnalis contains „…solanum alkaloids, which cause gastrointestinal irritation, and tropane alkaloids, which have anticholinergic properties and produce typical and sometimes severe atropine-like symptoms. Vital function support, decontamination, symptomatic treatment and, in severe cases, antidote therapy with physostigmine are useful to control acute poisoning.“
[Six clinical cases of Mandragora autumnalis poisoning: diagnosis and treatment., Piccillo, G.A., Mondati, E.G., Moro, P.A., European journal of emergency medicine, 9(4), 2002, 342-347]
Mandragora autumnalis Wikimedia Commons (author: Hedva Sanderovitz, copyright: public domain)