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eruca_vesicaria_subsp._sativa_mill._thell [2015/01/25 14:18]
andreas
eruca_vesicaria_subsp._sativa_mill._thell [2015/06/13 11:38] (aktuell)
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 "It is sometimes conflated with Diplotaxis tenuifolia, the perennial wall rocket, another plant of the Brassicaceae family, which in the past was used in the same manner."​ [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Eruca_sativa]] "It is sometimes conflated with Diplotaxis tenuifolia, the perennial wall rocket, another plant of the Brassicaceae family, which in the past was used in the same manner."​ [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Eruca_sativa]]
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 +"The major and structurally unique glucosinolate (GLS) in leaves of Eruca sativa L. (salad rocket) was identified as 4-mercaptobutyl GLS. Both 4-methylthiobutyl GLS and 4-methylsulfinylbutyl GLS were also present, but at lower concentrations. The 4-mercaptobutyl GLS was observed to oxidise under common GLS extraction conditions, generating a disulfide GLS that may be reduced efficiently by tris(2-carboxyethyl) phosphine hydrochloride (TCEP) to reform the parent molecule... GLS-derived volatiles generated by autolysis of fresh seedlings and true leaves were 4-mercaptobutyl ITC (from the newly identified GLS), 4-methylthiobutyl ITC (from 4-methylthiobutyl GLS) and 4-methylsulfinylbutyl ITC (from 4-methylsulfinyl-butyl GLS); no unusual bi-functional disulfides were found in fresh leaf autolysate. These results led to the conclusion that, in planta, the new GLS must be present as 4-mercaptobutyl GLS and not as the disulfide found after extraction and sample concentration. This new GLS and its isothiocyanate are likely to contribute to the unique odour and flavour of E. sativa."​ \\
 +[Identification of the major glucosinolate (4-mercaptobutyl glucosinolate) in leaves of Eruca sativa L.(salad rocket)., Bennett, R.N., Mellon, F.A., Botting, N.P., Eagles, J., Rosa, E.A., Williamson, G., Phytochemistry,​ Vol.61(1), 2002, 25-30]
  
 "The aroma compounds of rocket salad (Eruca sativa) SPME headspace samples of fresh leaves were analyzed using GC, GC−MS, and olfactometry. More than 50 constituents of the Eruca headspace could be identified to be essential volatiles, responsible for the characteristic intense green; herbal; nutty and almond-like;​ Brassicaceae-like (direction of cabbage, broccoli, and mustard); and horseradish-like aroma of these salad leaves. As aroma impact compounds, especially isothiocyanates,​ and derivatives of butane, hexane, octane, and nonane were identified. 4-Methylthiobutyl isothiocyanate (14.2%), cis-3-hexen-1-ol (11.0%), cis-3-hexenyl butanoate (10.8%), 5-methylthiopentyl isothiocyanate (9.3%), cis-3-hexenyl 2-methylbutanoate (5.4%), and [[http://​www.thegoodscentscompany.com/​data/​rw1552201.html|5-methylthiopentanenitrile]] (5.0%) were found in concentrations higher than 5.0%." \\ "The aroma compounds of rocket salad (Eruca sativa) SPME headspace samples of fresh leaves were analyzed using GC, GC−MS, and olfactometry. More than 50 constituents of the Eruca headspace could be identified to be essential volatiles, responsible for the characteristic intense green; herbal; nutty and almond-like;​ Brassicaceae-like (direction of cabbage, broccoli, and mustard); and horseradish-like aroma of these salad leaves. As aroma impact compounds, especially isothiocyanates,​ and derivatives of butane, hexane, octane, and nonane were identified. 4-Methylthiobutyl isothiocyanate (14.2%), cis-3-hexen-1-ol (11.0%), cis-3-hexenyl butanoate (10.8%), 5-methylthiopentyl isothiocyanate (9.3%), cis-3-hexenyl 2-methylbutanoate (5.4%), and [[http://​www.thegoodscentscompany.com/​data/​rw1552201.html|5-methylthiopentanenitrile]] (5.0%) were found in concentrations higher than 5.0%." \\
eruca_vesicaria_subsp._sativa_mill._thell.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2015/06/13 11:38 (Externe Bearbeitung)