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citrus_x_limon [2017/11/20 16:24]
andreas
citrus_x_limon [2019/03/22 17:23] (aktuell)
andreas
Zeile 5: Zeile 5:
 "The parents of the lemon are Citrus ×aurantium and C. medica. Backcrosses with either parent give a range of sour to sweet lemons which go under various names and perhaps would best be considered as forming cultivar groups, e.g., Bergamot Group. The rough lemon, C. ×taitensis Risso (C. ×aurantium subsp. jambhiri Engler; C. ×jambhiri Lushington; C. ×sinensis subsp. jambhiri (Lushington) Engler), sometimes included here, is perhaps C. medica × C. reticulata."​ [[http://​www.efloras.org/​florataxon.aspx?​flora_id=2&​taxon_id=250084128]] "The parents of the lemon are Citrus ×aurantium and C. medica. Backcrosses with either parent give a range of sour to sweet lemons which go under various names and perhaps would best be considered as forming cultivar groups, e.g., Bergamot Group. The rough lemon, C. ×taitensis Risso (C. ×aurantium subsp. jambhiri Engler; C. ×jambhiri Lushington; C. ×sinensis subsp. jambhiri (Lushington) Engler), sometimes included here, is perhaps C. medica × C. reticulata."​ [[http://​www.efloras.org/​florataxon.aspx?​flora_id=2&​taxon_id=250084128]]
  
-**Lemon flower scent**: Major components of the headspace of Citrus limon flowers were limonene (5.6-23.9%),​ 1,8-cineole (9.8-20.4%),​ nerolidol (1.2-14.9%), ​phenylacetonitril ​(0-17.6%), phenylacetaldoxime (0-8.4%), (E)-2,​3-dihydrofarnesal (4.1-8.2%), myrcene (0.5-7.4%), and indole (2.6-5.0%). \\+**Lemon flower scent**: Major components of the headspace of Citrus limon flowers were limonene (5.6-23.9%),​ 1,8-cineole (9.8-20.4%),​ nerolidol (1.2-14.9%), ​phenylacetonitrile ​(0-17.6%), phenylacetaldoxime (0-8.4%), (E)-2,​3-dihydrofarnesal (4.1-8.2%), myrcene (0.5-7.4%), and indole (2.6-5.0%). \\
 [Kaiser, Roman. „Environmental scents at the Ligurian coast.“ Perfum. Flavor 22 (1997): 7-18.] ​ [Kaiser, Roman. „Environmental scents at the Ligurian coast.“ Perfum. Flavor 22 (1997): 7-18.] ​
  
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 [Bartschat, Dietmar, et al. "​Chiral compounds of essential oils XXI: (E,​Z)‐2,​3‐dihydrofarnesals - chirospecific analysis and structure elucidation of the stereoisomers."​ Phytochemical Analysis 8.4 (1997): 159-166] [Bartschat, Dietmar, et al. "​Chiral compounds of essential oils XXI: (E,​Z)‐2,​3‐dihydrofarnesals - chirospecific analysis and structure elucidation of the stereoisomers."​ Phytochemical Analysis 8.4 (1997): 159-166]
  
-| {{:​limonene.jpg|limonene}} \\ limonene | {{1.8cineole.jpg| 1.8-cineole}} \\ 1.8-cineole | {{:​nerolidol_e.jpg| (E)-nerolidol}} \\ (E)-nerolidol | {{:dihydrofarnesal.jpg| (E)-2,​3-dihydrofarnesal}} \\ (E)-2,​3-dihydrofarnesal | {{:​indole.jpg| indole}} \\ indole |+| {{:​limonene.jpg|limonene}} \\ limonene | {{1.8cineole.jpg| 1.8-cineole}} \\ 1.8-cineole | {{:​nerolidol_e.jpg| (E)-nerolidol}} \\ (E)-nerolidol | {{:e23dihydrofarnesal.jpg| (E)-2,​3-dihydrofarnesal}} \\ (E)-2,​3-dihydrofarnesal | {{:​indole.jpg| indole}} \\ indole |
  
 Major volatiles of intact grapefruit, sweet orange, sour orange, mandarin, lemon, lime and pummelo blossoms were linalool, β-myrcene, α-myrcene, limonene, (E)-ocimene,​ methyl anthranilate and indole. "In terms of total volatiles: pummelo ≫ grapefruit ≈ sweet orange > sour orange ≈ mandarin ≈ lemon-lime > Volkamer lemon > Kaffir lime. Principal component analysis of blossom volatiles demonstrated that there were three widely separated, tightly clustered groups which consisted of mandarin, lemon-lime and pummelo."​ \\ Major volatiles of intact grapefruit, sweet orange, sour orange, mandarin, lemon, lime and pummelo blossoms were linalool, β-myrcene, α-myrcene, limonene, (E)-ocimene,​ methyl anthranilate and indole. "In terms of total volatiles: pummelo ≫ grapefruit ≈ sweet orange > sour orange ≈ mandarin ≈ lemon-lime > Volkamer lemon > Kaffir lime. Principal component analysis of blossom volatiles demonstrated that there were three widely separated, tightly clustered groups which consisted of mandarin, lemon-lime and pummelo."​ \\
citrus_x_limon.1511191461.txt.gz · Zuletzt geändert: 2017/11/20 16:24 von andreas