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berberis_vulgaris_l [2017/10/19 18:02]
andreas
berberis_vulgaris_l [2017/10/19 18:02] (aktuell)
andreas
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 "In Europe, the berries have been traditionally used as an ingredient in making jam. The berries are high in pectin which makes the jam congeal as it cools after having been boiled. In southwestern Asia, especially Iran, the berries are used for cooking, as well as for jam-making. In Iran, barberries are commonly used as a currant in rice pilaf."​ [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Berberis_vulgaris]] "In Europe, the berries have been traditionally used as an ingredient in making jam. The berries are high in pectin which makes the jam congeal as it cools after having been boiled. In southwestern Asia, especially Iran, the berries are used for cooking, as well as for jam-making. In Iran, barberries are commonly used as a currant in rice pilaf."​ [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Berberis_vulgaris]]
  
-"​Fungi,​ just as flowering plants, may use mimicry to steal resources to ensure survival. An impressive example is that of the witches brooms on Berberis vulgaris , which are induced by the systemically infecting rust fungus Puccinia arrhenatheri... During the spermatic stage of P. arrhenatheri,​ the infected leaves of B. vulgaris reveal a yellowish color, reminiscent of flower petals, and emit a strong floral-fruity and herbaceous scent, which is mainly due to indole, methyl nicotate, carvacryl methyl ether, (Z)-7-decen-5-olide,​ jasmine lactone, (Z)-7-decen-4-olide,​ γ-jasmolactone,​ and its precursor (E,​Z)-5,​7-decadien-4-olide....\\+"​Fungi,​ just as flowering plants, may use mimicry to steal resources to ensure survival. An impressive example is that of the witches brooms on Berberis vulgaris, which are induced by the systemically infecting rust fungus Puccinia arrhenatheri... During the spermatic stage of P. arrhenatheri,​ the infected leaves of B. vulgaris reveal a yellowish color, reminiscent of flower petals, and emit a strong floral-fruity and herbaceous scent, which is mainly due to indole, methyl nicotate, carvacryl methyl ether, (Z)-7-decen-5-olide,​ jasmine lactone, (Z)-7-decen-4-olide,​ γ-jasmolactone,​ and its precursor (E,​Z)-5,​7-decadien-4-olide....\\
 Fungal infection inhibits the barberry shrub from blooming. The flowers of uninfected B.vulgaris open later in the season, when the fungus has terminated the production of spermatia. By contrast to the flowery-fruity fragrance of witches brooms, B. vulgaris flowers emit a peculiar spermy odor even though it is based on pleasant odorants such as linalool and isomers of lilac aldehyde and lilac alcohol. The spermy odor aspect frequently encountered in flower scents is due to minor amounts of 1-pyrroline and traces of 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline."​ \\ Fungal infection inhibits the barberry shrub from blooming. The flowers of uninfected B.vulgaris open later in the season, when the fungus has terminated the production of spermatia. By contrast to the flowery-fruity fragrance of witches brooms, B. vulgaris flowers emit a peculiar spermy odor even though it is based on pleasant odorants such as linalool and isomers of lilac aldehyde and lilac alcohol. The spermy odor aspect frequently encountered in flower scents is due to minor amounts of 1-pyrroline and traces of 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline."​ \\
 [Flowers and fungi use scents to mimic each other., Kaiser, R., Science, 311(5762), 2006, 806-807] ​ [Flowers and fungi use scents to mimic each other., Kaiser, R., Science, 311(5762), 2006, 806-807] ​
berberis_vulgaris_l.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2017/10/19 18:02 von andreas