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areca_catechu_l [2016/05/18 09:19]
andreas
areca_catechu_l [2016/05/18 09:21] (aktuell)
andreas
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 Uses. Areca seed is used for centuries as mild psychostimulant,​ but also as digestive aid and vermifuge. The typical betel quid is regularly chewed by many (appr. 200 million, 1998) peoples of Southeast Asia. A betel quid is formed by wrapping slices of the Areca seed together with lime (calcium hydroxide), cinnamon and other spices, in a leaf of betel pepper (Piper betle L.). Betel chewing is often a social affair, for instance following a meal. Nut decoctions are used as anthelminthic,​ especially to remove tapeworms. \\ Uses. Areca seed is used for centuries as mild psychostimulant,​ but also as digestive aid and vermifuge. The typical betel quid is regularly chewed by many (appr. 200 million, 1998) peoples of Southeast Asia. A betel quid is formed by wrapping slices of the Areca seed together with lime (calcium hydroxide), cinnamon and other spices, in a leaf of betel pepper (Piper betle L.). Betel chewing is often a social affair, for instance following a meal. Nut decoctions are used as anthelminthic,​ especially to remove tapeworms. \\
 Side effects. The coloring matter present in the seeds turns the saliva bright red. Excessive use for years may stain the teeth red-brown to nearly black. Salivation and inappetence occur. Betel use is associated with oral leukoplakia,​ submucous fibrosis, and squamous cell carcinoma. [Norton SA, J. Am. Acad. Dermatol., 38(1), (1998), 81-88] \\ Side effects. The coloring matter present in the seeds turns the saliva bright red. Excessive use for years may stain the teeth red-brown to nearly black. Salivation and inappetence occur. Betel use is associated with oral leukoplakia,​ submucous fibrosis, and squamous cell carcinoma. [Norton SA, J. Am. Acad. Dermatol., 38(1), (1998), 81-88] \\
-An association between betel-nut chewing and bronchoconstriction in asthmatic patients was established. [Taylor RF, al-Jarad N, John LM, Conroy DM, Barnes NC, Lancet, 339(8802), (1992), 1134-6]\\+An association between betel-nut chewing and bronchoconstriction in asthmatic patients was established. ​\\ 
 +[Taylor RF, al-Jarad N, John LM, Conroy DM, Barnes NC, Lancet, 339(8802), (1992), 1134-6]\\
 Toxicity. Large doses (10g seeds or more) may lead to respiratory or cardial failure. Atropine is suggested as antidot. [Hager, CRC]  Toxicity. Large doses (10g seeds or more) may lead to respiratory or cardial failure. Atropine is suggested as antidot. [Hager, CRC] 
  
areca_catechu_l.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2016/05/18 09:21 von andreas